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6 common operations in the work of neurosurgeons

The most common diseases of the brain, nerves and spine:

1- Brain tumors

2- Concussion

3- Some cerebral hemorrhages such as hemorrhages caused by vascular disorders of the brain

4- Dislocation of the disc throughout the spine

5- Stenosis of the spinal canal of the spine

6- Spinal injuries and spinal injuries

7- Spinal tumors

8- Tumors and lesions of peripheral nerves

9- Gamanaif (together with the oncologist)

10- Uncontrollable pains such as pains of cancer patients or pains caused by spinal injuries

11- some movement and mental disorders (astrotaxy)

12- Brain and spinal cord infections

13- Intravenous treatment of abnormalities of brain and spinal cord vessels

Types of the most common brain and nerve and spine surgeries

In this section, we mention some of the most common surgeries for the treatment of brain, neck and spinal cord problems. Surgery is not always necessary to solve back and neck problems, and surgery is usually the last option. However, if your doctor determines that surgery should be performed, this is definitely the last resort. Needless to say, in such a situation, referring to the best neurosurgeon and spine surgeon will become more important.

Read a brief explanation about the most common brain and nerve and spine surgeries below:

 

1) Placing a shunt

In cases where a person is suffering from hydrocephalus and other disorders that cause a severe increase in pressure inside the brain, the shunt helps to drain excess cerebrospinal fluid from the brain and transport it to other parts of the body. The shunt has a valve that is outside the The skull and under the skin are placed near the back of the ear. The neurosurgeon installs a brain and lumbar shunt to relieve pressure from inside the brain.

Shunt placement

Placement of shunt in surgery

2) Keyhole laminectomy surgery

It is a surgical procedure in which the doctor makes a small hole in one side of the spinal lamina in order to access the spinal nerves. Then he carefully enlarges the hole created in the part where the nerve comes out of the spine, so that he can remove the pressure that is applied to the nerve in this area and causes pain, numbness, tingling of the limb, and weakness of the arms and legs. .

 Keyhole laminectomy surgery

Keyhole laminectomy surgery

3) laminectomy surgery

In this method, the doctor removes the lamina bone from the back of the spine in order to reduce the pressure on the spine and spinal nerves. Removing the bone from this part of the spine means that the spine needs a structure to protect it, so the doctor uses a combination of the patient’s own bone and a biological cement around the spine, or he keeps the spine fixed with the help of metal screws to make the spine stable. This will relieve weakness, pain, numbness or tingling in the hands and feet.

Laminectomy surgery

Laminectomy surgery

 

4) Fusion surgery and neck discectomy

In this method, the doctor makes a small incision in the front of the neck, then removes the protruding disc and places a piece of bone in its place to maintain the distance between the vertebrae, then a metal plate is placed in the front of the disc space. places it and closes it with a metal screw to fix the desired bone, gradually and with the passage of time, it connects the bones of the vertebra together to create a strong structure. Neck area and weakness and tingling of hands and arms are used.

Fusion surgery and neck discectomy

Fusion surgery and neck discectomy

5) Craniotomy surgery

It is a type of brain surgery in which the surgeon must make a hole in the skull to be able to access the brain. This method can be used to treat a large number of brain disorders such as brain hemorrhage, brain tumor, and infection.  

Click here for more information about craniotomy surgery.

Craniotomy surgery

Craniotomy surgery

6) Spinal fusion

It is a surgical procedure in which the surgeon fixes the bones of the spine. This method is used to correct problems related to the small bones of the spine, and the surgeon connects them together to gradually create a single bone structure.

Spinal fusion

Spinal fusion

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