Lumbar disc symptoms

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What is lumbar disc:

A disc is a cartilage that is placed between the spines of us humans and is responsible for shock absorption. The lumbar disc is included in the spinal disc group. All of us humans have a lumbar disc and it is obvious that lumbar disc is not a disease; But because many people mistakenly call a herniated disc a lumbar disc, it is thought that a lumbar disc is a disease. However, a lumbar disc is known by the name of a condition called a herniated disc. In this disease, the lumbar disc is no longer flexible and has problems.

What are the symptoms of lumbar disc?

Our human spine is made up of different vertebrae through which blood vessels and nerves pass. The disc, which is responsible for impacting the spine, can do its job properly without putting pressure on the nerves and blood vessels if it is in place. But if the lumbar disc is bulging or due to drying, the fluid between it comes out of the disc, a lot of pressure will be put on the spinal nerves. Here is the question of what are the symptoms of lumbar disc? that will be important.

When the inner part of the discs between the 5 lumbar vertebrae are torn and the inter-articular fluid is released from the disc, a lot of pressure will be applied to the nerves inside the spine. This pressure is accompanied by pain and numbness. In general, the lumbar disc can be recognized by its various symptoms. Among the types of lumbar disc symptoms, the following can be mentioned.

Leg pain:
Leg pain in people with lumbar disc disease is usually worse than back pain. If the pain is located along the path of the sciatic nerve, the pain is likely to radiate down the back of the leg.

Nerve pain:
The most common symptom of lumbar disc is nerve pain in the leg. This pain is usually seen as burning, shooting, sharp, radiating or tingling.

Variable location of symptoms:
Depending on the location of the lumbar disc and the degree of disc herniation, the symptoms mentioned about the lumbar disc may be seen in different parts. For example, there is a possibility of pain in the buttock, front of the thigh, leg or toes. Lumbar disc symptoms usually affect only one side of the body.

The body is associated with neurological symptoms of numbness, tingling, and weakness in the legs, toes, and feet.

Weakness in the legs:
One of the symptoms of lumbar disc is that people feel pain when lifting their legs while walking or standing on their legs. In this case, a condition known as leg drop occurs.

Lower back pain:
If you are looking for an important symptom for a lumbar disc, you should pay attention to lower back pain. This pain can be throbbing and dull. In some cases, lower back pain is associated with stiffness.

If a herniated disc causes back muscle spasms, a few days of rest and applying ice or heat can help reduce the symptoms of the back disc. You can lie down on a flat surface and place a pillow under your knees to relieve back muscle spasms.

Intensification of back pain with movement:
Lumbar disc pain can be caused by prolonged standing or prolonged sitting. Pain that occurs after walking even a short distance may indicate a herniated disc. Sudden physical actions such as laughing, sneezing, etc. can aggravate back pain.

– Intensifying pain due to bending forward:
Many people with a herniated disc in their lower back will feel sharp pain in their lower back and legs after bending forward. This type of pain is one of the symptoms of lumbar disc.

Rapid onset of pain:
Lumbar disc pain usually starts very quickly. There is no specific event to start this pain. So, if you are asking what are the symptoms of lumbar disc? We must say that one of the most important symptoms is that the pain starts suddenly and quickly without any previous events.

3 other important symptoms for disc herniation

3 other important symptoms for disc herniation
Apart from the symptoms mentioned for the lumbar disc, there are 3 other symptoms that will make you sure that you have a lumbar disc or not! When a lumbar disc at the bottom of your spine bulges or tears, you feel pain in your lower back and legs.

It is necessary to explain that these symptoms start very quickly and may disappear after 6 weeks. This is despite the fact that people have not received any special medical treatment. Therefore, if you see the following three symptoms, be sure to see a doctor.

1. Pain when sitting:
When you sit on a surface or a chair, you put a lot of pressure on the spine, especially the lumbar vertebrae. If a lumbar disc is bulging, sitting can make the disc bulges more prominent. This will multiply your back pain while sitting.

2. Pain in your leg (sciatica):
Lumbar discs bulge in the back or side, which are located near the spinal nerve roots. Disc herniation can affect the spinal nerves like sciatica with the following two functions.

Direct compression:
When the disc bulges or its contents are pushed out, a lot of pressure is applied to the nerve root of the spinal cord in the spinal canal.

Chemical stimulation:
When a herniated disc releases acidic chemical stimuli from the disc material, inflammation and irritation may occur in the area around the nerve root. This will cause pain in the lower back.

With the two mentioned methods of applying pressure on the spinal nervous system, the function of the nerve root changes. Pain may begin with numbness and burning. The legs and the back of the thigh and leg are very weak and may be numb. These symptoms are usually known as sciatica symptoms that are seen in one leg.

3. Pain aggravated by certain activities:
One of the symptoms of lumbar disc and sciatica is that after doing the following specific activities, the pain in the back and legs increases.

Bending forward or down
Lifting a heavy object
Pushing or pulling a heavy object

How to diagnose lumbar disc

First of all, you should see the doctor after seeing the symptoms mentioned about the lumbar disc. To diagnose a lumbar disc, the doctor will probably perform a physical examination and review your medical records. You may have several tests to better diagnose a lumbar disc, including:

X-ray photography:
In this method, images of internal tissues, bones or organs are taken with the help of X-rays.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI):
One of the other ways to diagnose lumbar disc is to use MRI. In this method, an accurate image of the body’s organs and structures is obtained.

– Mylogram:
A new method for diagnosing lumbar disc herniation is in which dye is injected into the spinal canal. Then, this injected dye can be seen with the help of x-rays and abnormalities of the spinal cord and spine can be seen.

Computed tomography scan:
This method, also known as CT scan, is an X-ray imaging method. In this method, horizontal and axial photos are used, which are slices of the body. CT scan can give us detailed images of each part of the body.

Electromyography (EMG):
This method, which is less often used to diagnose lumbar disc, is a test to measure the response of muscles and their electrical activity due to muscle nerve stimulation. It is enough to get acquainted with the treatment methods of lumbar disc.