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What diseases does a neurosurgeon diagnose and treat?

What diseases does a neurosurgeon diagnose and treat?

 

The surgeon diagnoses and treats many neurological diseases, which include:

1. Meningitis:

Meningitis is a serious infection of the outer part of the brain or spinal cord, and its symptoms are similar to those of a fever, but are usually longer and more severe. Depending on whether the infection is viral or bacterial, a specific type of surgery is needed to treat meningitis.

2. Spinal disorders:

Spine disorders include a wide range of problems and diseases that a neurosurgeon can treat. Spinal discs are soft, flexible plates that fit between your vertebrae. Discs prevent the bones of your spine from rubbing against each other. A herniated spinal disc occurs when the inner material of the disc swells and pushes through the outer membrane. Or, for example, if the spinal discs are worn or torn, you will experience pain and discomfort in the lower back. Other spine diseases include:

  • Tumors of the spine and spinal cord
  • Spinal injuries and fractures
  • Slippery vertebrae of the spine
  • Spinal canal stenosis.

A neurosurgeon performs special types of operations to treat spine disease, which are relatively quick and are performed within a day.

3. Parkinson’s disease:

The brain releases a substance called dopamine to control body movements. If the brain cannot make enough dopamine, there will be disturbances in body movements and it can cause tremors and balance problems. Most people with Parkinson’s are treated with medication, but some cases are more complicated. When the disease severely affects your quality of life, a surgeon can surgically implant a type of electrode in your body that stimulates your brain to make dopamine and relieves symptoms.

4. epilepsy:

Disorders of the central nervous system may cause seizures and epilepsy. There are several surgical procedures that surgeons can use to treat epilepsy. Such as laser ablation surgery that targets specific lesions in the brain that cause seizures.

5. Brain tumors:

When brain cells grow abnormally and uncontrollably, they cause a mass in the brain, which is called a brain tumor, and it can put pressure on the brain and its healthy parts and disrupt the function of other parts. A neurosurgeon can remove these tumors without damaging the brain and save the patient’s life.

6. Cerebrovascular lesions:

Any problem in the blood vessels of the brain that disrupts the blood supply to the brain cells is known as cerebrovascular lesions. This problem can cause a stroke. Among the cerebral vascular disorders are:

  • Brain embolism or bubbles in the bloodstream
  • Blood clots in the blood vessels of the brain, which is known as thrombosis.
  • Damage to the blood vessels of the brain
  • Disorders of the skull.

7. Hydrocephalus disease:

Hydrocephalus is a common brain disease that occurs when excess fluid accumulates in the brain. This accumulation of fluid in the brain can cause pressure on the brain tissue and swelling and enlargement of the skull.

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